Creating Restorative Gardens, Healing Gardens and Therapeutic Landscapes
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Re-Creating Neighborhoods for Successful Aging

Edited by Pauline Abbott, Nancy Carman, Jack Carman and Bob Scarfo
For additional information, download the PDF.

Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Older Adults
A Guide to Holistic Approaches to Healthy Aging

Chapter 15 Therapeutic Gardens by Jack Carman. You can purchase your own copy at

AAHSA Proceedings Journal

  • “The Restorative Power of Nature and the Older Adult”, November, 1998

Advances Newsletter, The Alzheimer’s Association

  • “Summer Fun: Let creativity guide you in planning activities for the person with Alzheimer’s”, Summer 2000

AIA Blueprints

  • Outdoor Dining – Expanding the Culinary Experience
    By John Kennedy, CDM & Jack Carman, FASLA, RLAWho doesn’t enjoy a meal outside on a nice day? Think of all the good times you’ve had sitting around a table on the patio with friends, enjoying a glass of wine and a great meal. Maybe it’s a cook-out for a birthday or other special family event. Or maybe it’s for no special reason – just a nice evening listening to the birds and watching the sun set. That shouldn’t change just because someone is living in a senior community. There are many opportunities to create outdoor dining areas that expand the opportunities for special culinary / meal experiences.

AIA Proceedings

  • “Designing Living Environments for Older Adults”, May, 2000

AHTA News Magazine – April 2013

  • In Your Words- What Therapeutic Garden Do you Admire
    A therapeutic garden is a space that provides a profusion of plants and design elements intended to improve the physical, intellectual, emotional and spiritual well-being of the garden users. How these gardens are designed and used is open to interpretation, although therapeutic garden characteristics were developed by the American Horticultural Therapy Association (AHTA, 1995). Several leaders in the field of therapeutic garden design were asked what therapeutic garden they admired.

ASID ICON | The American Society of Interior Designers

  • Bringing Universal Design to the Outdoor Landscape – 2008
    Integrating universal design (UD) within a person’s home and community buildings is an idea that is growing in acceptance today. However, the application of UD to the outdoor environment has been slower to gain a foothold in the public’s perception of accessible environments—despite the fact that, thanks to the media and trends toward going “green,” public awareness of environments that encourage a relationship with nature is increasing.

ASLA Landscape Architecture Technical Information Series

  • “Therapeutic Gardens – Assisted Living Residences”, 2005

Assisted Living Success Magazine

  • “Post Occupancy Evaluations – Part I – Making the Most of Design”, December, 2001
  • “Post Occupancy Evaluations – Part II – Completing the Job”, Feb, 2002
  • “Victory Gardens”, Feb, 2002
  • “Exploring Nature within the Grounds of a Senior Residence”, May 1998
  • “The Bountiful Harvest – Starting a garden with seniors”, Aug 1998
  • “Butterfly Gardens – Providing recreational activities for seniors”, Dec 1998
  • “Starting From Seed – Preparing a garden for spring”, March 1999
  • “Not Just For the Birds – The excitement of bird-watching”, Feb 2000
  • “A Little Thyme Out in the Garden”, Aug 1999

Burlington County Times

  • “A Growing Movements: Experts say gardens offer good therapy for seniors”, June 2000

Courier Post

  • Gardens That Heal
    For the elderly, ill and disabled, getting outdoors can be therapeutic.

Directors and Officers Forum

  • “The Healing Power of Nature”, Spring 1999

Exemplary Dementia Gardens

Friends Village at Woodstown

Therapeuticgarden has accessible planting beds. Friends Village at Woodstown features a therapeutic garden designed by a renowned landscape architect, Jack carman.

The Healthy Caregiver

  • “Sage Advice for the Garden”, Summer 2000

International Council on Active Aging

International Council on Active Aging (ICAA) Developer’s Guide

“Interaction by Design – Bring People and Plants Together for Health and Well-Being”

“Alzheimer’s garden Project of the American Society of Landscape Architects and the National Alzheimer’s Association” – Chapter 11, Iowa State Press, 2002

The Journal on Active Aging

Korean Neuropsychiatric Association

Long Term Care Designs

  • “Introducing Nature by Design”

Landscape Architect Technical Series

  • “Assisted Living Communities”

Landscape Architecture and Specifier News

Lawn and Garden Retailer

  • Gardening For Everyone – 2006
    Most of your customers can walk into a store, pick the plants they want and head home to plant them. However, there are those few customers who are not able to do so because of disabilities, age or allergies. Learn what you can do to help them have positive gardening experiences.

Memory Care Professional

  • The Care and Use of a Special Needs Garden
    Making the most of planned activities in the garden. When an older adult is moved from his home to a special care residence, such as a memory care facility or an assisted living community, the transition can be physically and emotionally difficult. An accessible outdoor area at the facility that closely resembles a person’s garden or backyard can make the transition easier.

Nursing Home Long Term Care magazine

  • “Special-needs gardens for Alzheimer’s residents”, June 2003
  • “Raised Planters for the Senior Gardener”, March 2001
  • “Nature by Design: Well planned gardens offer a host of benefits to senior housing residents”, March 2000

Oxford Textbook of Nature and Public Health

Parent Care Advisor Magazine

  • “The Outdoors Offers an Array of Therapeutic Benefits”, August, 1999

Re-creating Neighborhoods for Successful Aging

  • New resource recommends strategies to meet the environmental needs of an aging population

Retirement Community Business

  • “Therapeutic Gardens”, Spring 2000

Senior Environmental Assessment Program (SEAD)

Senior Housing and Care Journal

SJ Magazine

  • Healing Gardens
    Medford resident Jack Carman is a Landscape Architect who specializes in theraputic gardens for continuing care retirement communities, adult day care centers, as well as private individuals. Jack spoke with us about his unique work.


Vantage Magazine

  • “Dig In – The Secret to an Outdoor Garden”, July 2005